What is gingivitis? Gingivitis is an inflammation or infection of the gums (gingiva) that is an early stage of periodontal disease (gum disease). Healthy gums appear pink in color. Gingivitis causes the gums to become inflamed and swollen and bleed easily when they are brushed or flossed. Gingivitis is reversible and there is no permanent damage to the gums or teeth when treated early. If allowed to progress, the infection can advance below the gum line and cause periodontal disease. Gum disease, left untreated, can destroy the soft tissue, bone and ligaments that support the teeth. Teeth may become loose and then fall out. Periodontal disease in the leading cause of tooth loss in adults.
Why does it occur? Gingivitis often results from poor oral health care, individuals who do not brush or floss their teeth regularly or correctly; increase their chances of developing gingivitis.
How does it happen? A combination of bacteria, saliva and acids in the mouth form a sticky deposit called dental plaque that clings to the teeth. Plaque that is not removed from the teeth hardens into hard calculus (tartar), which irritate the gums.
What are the symptoms? Symptoms include gums that are tender, red and swollen. The gums may bleed when brushed or flossed, and it can also cause bad breath. In some cases, there may be no obvious symptoms.
How do you treat gingivitis? If you have inflamed gums or your teeth bleed during brushing or flossing, you need to visit a dentist or periodontist. The first step is to have the teeth cleaned professionally to remove the soft plaque and tartar. Brushing and flossing at home cannot remove the hard deposits or calculus. Oral irrigating with the Hydro Floss® will help soften the hard deposits or calculus.
How do you prevent gingivitis?
- Brush your teeth twice a day to remove the bacteria from the teeth.
- Use the Hydro Floss® oral irrigator daily to remove bacteria and food.
- Eat a well-balanced diet and limit between-meal snacks.
- Visit your dentist on a regular basis for an exam and cleaning.
Call us at 800-635-3594 or email us at firstname.lastname@example.org to talk more about your oral health and how the Hydro Floss® can help.